The following paragraph and related questions can give you an idea of what the MCAT CARS section of the test is like. Keep in mind that this is only an excerpt; an actual passage would be much longer, and would have from five to seven questions associated with it. (The answers are at the end so that you can try this out on your own.)
MCAT Practice Questions: CARS
1. Based on the passage, which of the following statements must be true?
A) If morality is extremely demanding, then one always ought to act so as to produce the best possible circumstances.
B) If moral standards do not preclude the personal projects humans find most fulfilling, then they are not that extreme.
C) Some people always act in ways that produce the best possible circumstances.
D) Morality precludes the personal projects that humans find most fulfilling.
2. Which of the following claims provides the most support in the passage for the “simple principle?”
A) Ethical projects should be completely without constraints.
B) Objections to the simple principle are difficult to imagine.
C) Moral theories are not less valid if they require great sacrifices.
D) Nobody always acts to produce the best possible circumstances.
Are You Prepared for CARS on the MCAT?
The answers to the questions are Question 1: B and Question 2: C. Bear in mind that these are very challenging questions that require critical analysis skills, and they are based on a very demanding passage. However, this is typical of what the MCAT is likely to present, and the name of the section says clearly what you need to have: Critical Analysis and Reasoning Skills.
Question #1 Explained
Question 1: The correct answer is B. The sentence in the passage is an “if X then Y” construction. For any “if X then Y” statement, the contrapositive will always be true: “if not Y, then not X.” This corresponds to answer choice B. Answer choice A is the inverse, which is not necessarily true; “if X then Y” does not necessarily mean that “if Y then X.” Answer choice C is something that might be true, but the question asks what must be true, which is not the same. Answer choice D is too extreme, as the author did not state that this was always true.
Question #2 Explained
Question 2: The correct answer is C. The benefits of the “simple principle” are discussed in the second paragraph, and the answer is stated almost word for word in the second sentence. Answer choice A is too extreme; although the author said constraints are difficult to imagine, he did not say that they should not exist. Answer choice B is exactly the opposite of the passage; several objections are laid out in the first paragraph. Answer choice D is also opposite, because it is used to argue against the “simple principle” rather than to support it.
The skills you need to do well on the CARS section of the MCAT are different from those on the rest of the test: there is no set content that you can learn. However, CARS requires certain strategies and skills, and these can be learned: reading efficiently by finding the most important information without getting caught up in details; understanding inferences, assumptions and arguments within passages; and practicing questions that are similar to those found on the MCAT CARS section.
You can learn more about the CARS section of the test in the larger context of the entire MCAT here.
MCAT CARS: What the AAMC says
The AAMC defined the three types of questions that we’ve discussed, as well as the types of passages that you’re likely to encounter on the MCAT CARS section. You can visit the AAMC site to learn more about the MCAT Blueprint.
Of all the sections on the MCAT, the Critical Analysis and Reasoning Skills (CARS) is most difficult for a lot of students. There’s something about the ambiguous passages, the hard to decipher questions, the seemingly too short time frame that causes test-takers a lot of grief. Prospective medical students have a natural affinity for the hard sciences, which makes the MCAT CARS a different kind of beast.
The reason so many students struggle with this section is because it requires a certain level of intuition that is uncomfortable for the typical pre-med who enjoys facts and formulas. Unfortunately, the CARS section is not something that you can cram for, but you must prepare for it over time. The good news is that with the right strategy and lots of practice you can conquer the CARS section just as well as the other sections of this exam. Here we provide some essential tips to show how you can improve your MCAT CARS score.
Quick note: if you’re looking for MCAT study resources more broadly, our online MCAT course at Magoosh now has over 700 practice questions and over 300 lessons! Sign up for 6 months, 12 months, or begin with a 1-week trial. You can use Kat’s 2-month study plan as a guide to the course.
How To Study for the MCAT CARS
- Know what the CARS section is designed to examine.According to the AAMC, this section is designed to “test your comprehension, analysis, and reasoning skills by asking you to critically analyze information provided in passages”. You don’t need to take any special courses nor do you need any outside knowledge to do well on this section because everything you need will be contained in the passage. The content of this section encompasses both the social sciences and the humanities and is basically just a test on how well you can think critically about what you’ve read and how well you can reason, both within a passage, and beyond it.
- Become a better reader. The best way to do this is to read more. Everything from books to magazines is good material to build up you stamina. Remember that the CARS section will not contain passages pertaining to the natural sciences. So burying your nose in volumes of pharmacology won’t result in vast improvements to your critical analysis skills for the MCAT. Read things that are thought provoking and that will challenge you to form an opinion.
- Practice this section every day. When you set your study schedule commit to doing CARS passages every day. Even if it’s just one passage, reading the passages and answering questions will build stamina and improve your analytical skills over time. If you do nothing else to prepare for the CARS section, be sure to do this. When it comes to this section especially, repetition is the golden ticket to making all of your MCAT dreams come true. Over time you will learn how to approach MCAT-type questions, improve your reading speed and comprehension, and most importantly you will notice an improvement in your score. Throughout each section of the MCAT, “application of information” is a major theme. The test-makers want to see how well you can take a piece of information, analyze it, and apply what you’ve learned to a practical situation. You won’t learn to do this by reading alone. You have to actively work on polishing this skill. The best way to do this is by doing practice passages. Our online Magoosh MCAT course includes 36 CARS passages with 212 accompanying practice questions!
- Learn to decipher the author’s tone. The biggest “secret” on the MCAT CARS is figuring out how the author feels. Are they encouraging or condescending? Are they serious or light-hearted? Are they trying to persuade you or are they rehashing Elizabethan literature? Knowing where the author stands on a given topic is important. Answering questions that test your reasoning will require this bit of knowledge. As students of science, this may be difficult at first. But start out by looking for context clues. For instance, in a passage about 90’s fashion, whether the author referred to overalls as “fascinating” or ‘’ridiculous” would make a difference to how you would approach the question set. So when you read, either for leisure or for MCAT prep, think about why the author felt strongly enough about the topic to sit down and write about it. Next, think about how the author wants you feel about what they wrote.
- Don’t try to reinvent the wheel. A lot of students become so focused with practicing and creating foolproof strategies to ace the CARS section that they forget that they already know how to read. Trust that skill. Don’t try to incorporate too many different reading strategies (like speed reading or skimming). The best way to read on the MCAT is to read the passages like you would read anything else. You will find that a lot of the information you need to know from a passage will come to you naturally—even without the facts and figures to confirm your findings.
MCAT CARS – Do’s and Don’ts
- DO remember that each passage is telling you a story. Many students approach this section defensively. What I mean is that they read each passage with a critical eye just waiting to be bamboozled. Think of how many times you have to reread something when you’re distracted. This section is no different. When you read a passage, read it as if you are reading the first page of a new book—without expectations. Read it as if you are reading for informational purposes only. Don’t cloud your already anxious brain by trying to pick out words and phrases or by trying to skim through the passage.
- DON’T skip around. As we all know, time is a luxury on the MCAT. Don’t waste that precious time by skimming passages to decide which ones are easy or hard. Complete the passages you are given in the order they appear. If you have time at the end, then you may come back. That said, I’d like to add an additional point. When I was in the first grade I struggled with math. I would always get my tests back and tell my mom “I had the right answer, but I changed it,” to which she would reply “If you think long, you think wrong.” I’ve found that this little nugget of advice holds true for the MCAT too. When we are unsure about an answer, our first guess is usually the right guess. When we go back to make a chance, it’s often because we’ve talked ourselves out of the right answer. Don’t do this. Only change an answer if you’re completely certain that you know the correct answer. Even when we guess, we’ve most likely picked our answers for a reason, so trust your reasoning skills.
- DO keep track of your time. Like I mentioned before, time is of the essence on the MCAT. CARS passages seem to drudge on forever. Needless to say, its’ hard to focus your attention on a passage you find uninteresting. But it’s important not to get hung up on the content. Read the passage and then answer the questions and move on.
- DON’T think that you can’t improve your CARS score. I am a firm believer that the MCAT is a test that students can prepare for. The key is preparing effectively. Don’t waste time trying to outsmart the test. Prepare by reading, doing practice passages, and even practicing vocabulary words to give your comprehension skills a boost.
- DO read for pleasure to prepare for the CARS section. One of the best ways to prepare for this section is to practice reading. You don’t want the only time you see long passages to be in MCAT prep material. Keep in mind, however, that the operative word here is “pleasure”. Don’t read with the goal of learning new information, read for entertainment. Believe it or not, you will pick up on new words and phrases, practice forming opinions, and have the opportunity to reason beyond the text.
Overall the MCAT CARS may seem like a beast at first, but by following these tips it’s totally possible to improve your score and do well.